Using everything we've learned so far about the central limit theorem, the z-score, and hypothesis testing, we can now also perform proportion testing! There are just a few new concepts to add into the mix: The preliminary terrors - notation & terminology p = the proportion of items that falls into H0 q = the... Continue Reading →

A simple example of hypothesis testing is where we know what "normal" is, and we want to evaluate whether some sample conforms to our understanding of "normal", or is so unusual that it's indicative of an actual shift in behaviour or pattern. Make your hypothesis statement If I…(do this to an independent variable)….then (this will... Continue Reading →

Formal definition: Provided enough samples are taken, the sample distribution of the sample mean will be normally distributed, regardless of the population. Basically: With enough samples this also happens: Which ultimately allows us to calculate the Z-score: And using a Z-table, this allows us to find the probability of a value being <= x Here is... Continue Reading →